Giovanni Ettore Gigante




Biographical Notes
G. E. Gigante was born in Agrigento January 1, 1948, he is married and has four children.
In October 1971 he graduated in Physics at the University of Rome with an experimental thesis spectroscopy on the interaction of water with molecules of biological interest.
In 1972, conducts research on the application of nuclear techniques in medicine at the Institute of Physics of the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Rome and in conjunction with military service he enrolled in the Master course of Biological Sciences at the University of Rome.
From 1973 to 1976 operates at the Institute of Physics of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Rome, first as a teaching assistant (a.a.1972-73) and then as the owner of a two-year scholarship of teaching and scientific training (aa.aa. 1973-75) and finally (from August 1975 to October 1976) as the holder of a four-year contract.
From 1976 to 1987 operates at the Institute of Medicine of L’Aquila (now Faculty of Medicine of University of L'Aquila), first as assistant, then (since September 1977) as assistant professor, senior lecturer (from >1978) and finally as associate professor (since 1983).
In 1983 he was a guest of the Department of Chemistry, University of Antwerp (Belgium) to carry out research on the technique of X-ray fluorescence analysis of biological and environmental samples.
Between 1986-87 he was a guest at the Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York playing for about a year of study and research.
In 1987 he moved to the Faculty of Science of the Sapienza University of Rome, teaching first a course of basic Physics and by 1992 the course of Health Physics.
Since 1999 he is Chairman of the Area Education Sciences Applied to Cultural Heritage at the Faculty of Science, carrying out educational activities in this course as its first commitment to teaching.
In 2008 he is professor for SSD FIS/07 (Applied Physics) at the Faculty of Science of the University La Sapienza in Rome.
Since 2009 he teaches Archaeometry for the Master's Degree in Archaeology at the Faculty of Humanities. Since 2009 he also teaches at the School of Physical Methods in Archaeology degree.
Since 2011 teaches the course in Medical Physics for the Master of Science in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry.

Research Activities
His research is very articulate and predominantly interdisciplinary. The approach is mainly experimental, with some theoretical insights related to radiation and image processing.
Its fields of interest are Biomedical and Health Physics, Nuclear Physics Applied, acquisition and image processing, and finally, the Archaeometry and Conservation of Cultural Heritage. The field of research in which she played a longer activity is the development of nuclear technology and the physics of X-rays, especially for what regards the "scattering" of photons of low energy (<100 keV).
He also worked on research topics of their Health Physics, such as the biological effects of low-frequency EM fields, in which he played a pioneering role in Italy.
Has made a significant contribution to the birth of research in Archaeometry opening research topics such as the identification of experimental painting techniques of the past and the search for archeometallurgia experimental.
More recently he has also shifted its interest to image processing and the development of new systems tomography and microtomography.
He is the author of numerous publications in journals of physics and applied physics concerning the physics of X-rays, the development of techniques and also methods for the acquisition and processing of images. He has several international collaborations and has been a speaker at national and international conferences of Physics Biomedical and Health and Archaeometry.

He taught basic courses in physics at different degrees of biomedical, namely Physics for degree courses in Medicine (1978-1986), Dentistry (1981-82), Pharmacy (1998-99), Natural Sciences (1987-1992) and the teaching of Physics Laboratory for the Master of Science in Biology (1994-97).
He also taught the Health Physics (1992-2001) in the degree course in Physics for more than ten years and was responsible for the Health Physics in the address of Physics Biosystems dealing with follow theses within and to outside of the Department of Physics also teaches in the School of Specialization in Medical Physics (since 1997) and Nuclear Medicine (since 1987) and is part of the teaching of PhD in Biophysics from the University of Rome La Sapienza (1995) .These teachings have focused mainly on physics topics of the x-ray, nuclear methods of analysis and their applications in medical and non-medical fields, methods of image processing and non-ionizing radiation.
He also contributed to the organization of courses and graduate in the fields of medical and health physics, biomedical technology (Methods of Biomedical Signal Processing and Images from 1992-1999) and more recently the restoration and conservation of cultural heritagetechnical or scientific basis for conservation, control and restoration of Cultural Heritage from 1989 to 2000), in such courses taught methods of non-destructive analysis and image processing.
In recent years has greatly contributed to the conception and activation at the Faculty of Science, University of Rome "La Sapienza", the University Diploma for Technicians for diagnostics applied to the Restoration and   of Cultural Heritage. This initiative has opened in Italy the creation of courses for the training of scientists for the conservation and restoration of cultural heritage, also following the activation of a class of degrees, the 41 of Technologies for conservation and restoration Cultural Heritage. In this class there is also a class of second degrees, no. LM 11 in Conservation of Cultural Heritage. Its main task is currently teaching in the context of this degree course of which he is Chairman of the Board of the degree course, which teaches physical methods for the conservation and restoration.

Managment activities
In the 80s he was one of the promoters of Medical Physics, playing an active role in the creation of the Italian Association of Biomedical Physics, where he served as secretary for over five years. In the same period, at the University of L'Aquila, has organized a research group Applied Physics in the Faculty of Medicine.
With the transition from the University of Rome "La Sapienza", since 1990, has promoted the creation of an e-Biosystem Physics in the School of Physics. In particular, in the address has dealt with the aspects of the Biomedical and Health Physics.
Since 1993, it has been one of the promoters of the organization before a national group and then the Italian Association of Archaeometry. In the Association, on whose board he is a member, came together researchers from the fields of science and humanities working on their research of interest to the Archaeometry and conservation.
With the departure of the degree programs within the class of Technologies for the Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage - activated in many universities - has been appointed to chair the Permanent Board of Presidents of the courses of study in classes 41 and 12 / S , which is responsible for the coordination and promotion of such training activities. During the elaboration of the Classes of courses of study, and with the establishment of the Technical Tables at the Ministry of Education, has been invited to take part as an expert in the field of Conservation and Restoration, following the work of Table I and V.
He positions of responsibility within the Interdepartmental Research Centre for Models and Information Analysis in Biomedical Systems and the Interdisciplinary Centre of Science and Technology for the Preservation of Historical-Architectural Heritage of the University of Rome "La Sapienza". In 2002 he was elected representative of the field of Physics at the Academic Senate of the University of Rome "La Sapienza".


Other activities
It was responsible for research projects and abroad,in particular, was the coordinator of Research projectsof the European Unionresponsible for bilateralresearch projectswith Brazil, Mexico, Spain,and the United States. Has enabled projects under the Socrates Erasmus program, with the Department of Archaeology at the University of Athens and the University of Valencia.
As part of research projects, has enabled collaborations with industry, contributing to technology transfer, especially for what concerns the construction of mobile systems for non-destructive analysis of works of art.
He collaborated with various Central Institute of the Ministry of Heritage and Cultural Activities and other Sovrintendenze Centers and restoration for the investigation of non-destructive measurement systems made ;by the research group of which he is a principal.
Carries out scientific collaboration with the Centre for Scientific Research of the Carabinieri, as was also the Commissioner for official competitions for scientific roles.
Contributed to the organization of national and international conferences and schools of Medical Physics, Nuclear Physics and Applied Non-destructive for the study and control of cultural goods. Over the past two years has promoted a number of seminars on issues related to multidisciplinary cultural heritage and its conservation and restoration.
It 'been called to carry out under different EU project evaluator.